What You Need to Know About Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, starts as bacterial growth in your mouth and can ultimately lead to tooth loss and damage to your gum tissue.

What is Gum Disease?

Gingivitis can be one of the first stages of gum disease.  Bacteria in plaque buildup can cause inflamed and irritated gum tissue.  You may experience sensitive gums if you have gingivitis which can result in your gums bleeding during brushing.  Fortunately, gingivitis is treatable and doesn’t always advance.  However, when left untreated, your case can greatly worsen.

Gum disease causes the gum and bone to pull away from your teeth.  This forms pockets between your teeth and gums which can collect bacteria and debris and become infected.  Over time, the connective tissue and bone that holds your teeth in place will break down.            As the pockets become larger, more and more tissue is destroyed.  This will lead to teeth becoming loose which results in tooth loss.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is primarily caused by plaque buildup.  However other things can contribute to it as well.   Bad habits such as poor dental care and smoking can increase the chance you may get gingivitis and, later on, gum disease.  Medications and illness can also have an impact on your oral health.  Even hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause create an increased risk.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Many people do not realize they have symptoms until the late stages of gum disease.  Some of the symptoms you may experience include:

  • Red, swollen gums that may be tender
  • Frequent bad breath or bad taste
  • Bleeding gums during tooth brushing and after
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in how your teeth interlock

It is also possible for gum disease to only affect certain teeth.

What You Can Do

Gum disease can be prevented and even reversed with proper oral hygiene.  Daily flossing and brushing along with regular cleanings every six months can help you keep a healthy mouth.

Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the progression, how your body responds to treatment, and your overall health.  You and your dentist will be able to evaluate your case and treatment options together to determine the best course of action for you.

For more information about gum disease feel free to contact us at Progressive Dental Care Center .

250 Fame Ave Ste 206
Hanover, PA 17331
PHONE 717-637-0202
Monday ............... 8:30 AM - 5 PM
Tuesday ............... 8:30 AM - 5 PM
Wednesday .......... 8:30 AM - 5 PM
Thursday ............. 8:30 AM - 5 PM
Friday .................. 8:30 AM - 4 PM